Maltese Bichon – Care and Advice


Long considered the dog of ladies, the Maltese is synonymous with beauty, glamor and elegance. It is the most famous of the bichons and ranks high on the podium of the most sought after by all dog lovers. If you want to know him better, we will tell you everything about him.

Denomination: Maltese / Malteser
Origin: Central Mediterranean / Patronage Italy
Size: Little
Life expectancy: Over 15 years
Weight: 3-4 kg
Hair Type: Silky, long and smooth.
Character: Independent, loving, alert.
Cap: White
Cross height: 20-25cm (M)
20-23cm (H)
General ranking: Small dog breeds.
AKC classification: Group 5: Toy (companion and toy dogs).
Classification according to the FCI: Group 9: Companion dogs. Section 1: Bichons and dogs of similar breeds.

Origin of the Maltese Bichon

First of all, you should know that the origin of the Maltese Bichon is not known exactly. What is certain is that this furry arose thousands of years ago and that it comes from mixed dogs from Mediterranean islands, North Africa and even Asia. Already in the era of the pharaohs there were specimens very similar to the current Maltese Bichon. In addition, in Greek archaeological remains dating from the s. VI BC figures similar to this furry have been found.

On the other hand, there are many defenders that the breed arose in the ancient Italian city of Melita, from where this puppy began to be known as “melités” and later “Maltese”. But as a curious fact we want to tell you that, the name has varied a lot throughout all these years: ancient Melita’s dog, Maltese dog, Roman ladies’ dog… finally everyone knows him as a Maltese Bichon.

A dog closely related to royalty

The first Maltese Bichon puppies that settled in England did so during the reign of Henry VIII, but their maximum splendor came with Queen Elizabeth I, she treated her little ones like real kings and even fed them in bowls! of gold! For centuries they were the lap dogs par excellence and this is where their bearing and immaculate white comes from.

Character of the Maltese bichon

What behavior does this dog have?

One of his main virtues is his intelligence, so it will be very easy for you to teach him some basic tricks. They will also respond very well to training routines. The Maltese is a dog with a lot of personality and charm of its own, very lively and a great playmate for children. He is very affectionate and therefore will demand a lot of pampering. However, one should not sin of being too permissive with this furry dog, which in the wrong hands could lead to unwanted behavior developing the famous “small dog syndrome” and could become an overprotective, stubborn and bossy animal.

Dream, he will be his guide and his leader, therefore, he will have him as an example to follow so, we advise you that from the first day you teach him what his position in the family is. In relation to this point, your learning should be based on love, perseverance and dedication.

Although his size does not do him justice, he will not hesitate to stand up to anyone who tries to impose him in a way that he considers threatening to him. He’s tiny but bully!

Keeping your Maltese healthy and energetic

The best family for a Maltese Bichon will be the one that is involved in his teaching and takes him into account as another member of the house. Although you will enjoy a good nap and the warmth of your home, you will not settle for that alone because under that gentleman’s hanger hides a being that needs to do many more things to feel completely fulfilled.

The Maltese will also have to let him roam freely in the field or in some area where you can have him controlled and safe. In this way you will allow him to feel free and super happy.

Another way to keep your best friend energetic and fit is with toys that allow him to exercise. You will have a great time and will be entertained a lot with those you can throw, bring and carry.

Is there a typical Maltese Bichon disease?

Due to their excellent body conformation and high energy levels, many Maltese Bichons reach very old ages and, like other small dog breeds, are quite long-lived.

Some of the pathologies that we want to highlight as more frequent are these:

  • Very delicate coat: Sensitive to excess sun and / or temperature.
  • Atopic skin.
  • Patella luxation.

Remember to do internal deworming every three months and keep your furry protected externally during all seasons. In addition, at least once a year you should go to your veterinarian to get his vaccinations and do a periodic general check-up.

Likewise, it is essential to keep your mouth in the best possible condition and to help ensure proper hygiene, use dental products such as toothpaste and brushes.

What does the Maltese Bichon eat and what is the best diet for this breed?

To ensure correct growth and development, from a puppy you must accustom your little one to eating his dry food. Once they reach one year of life, the transition to adult feed takes place and at approximately seven years of age they will go to the senior range. You should always follow the advice of your veterinarian / who will guide you throughout the life of your Maltese and will ensure that his health is strong as that of an oak.

It is essential that you watch their body weight, as they are animals with a tendency to gain weight and suffer from obesity. As a result of it, there are many of these dogs that have joint problems due to excess kilos. Remember the importance of daily exercise and avoid falling into a sedentary lifestyle.

Typical arrangement of the Maltese bichon

The Maltese is a very conceited dog that will require constant grooming. In fact, you should pay special attention to your hair to always look your best.


It must be done at least 3 times a week and insist with the brush in the deepest layers to avoid the formation of knots. To make the task a little easier, you can use a detangling spray and you should never carry out this task with completely dry hair.


It should be done at most once a month or when your bichon’s hair turns a less vivid color or turns yellow. The best thing is that you use a specific shampoo that helps preserve its immaculate white so typical of the breed.


Once you are done with the bath, it is best to remove excess moisture with a towel. Then, dry at medium heat with a hairdryer and try to stretch your hair with a soft card at the same time so that the end result is straight and firm hair.


As the Maltese does not have a specific grooming, it will be enough to simply comb its precious coat on both sides of the column leaving a part in the center. Similarly, the mustache area should be combed and dried daily and shaved to prevent rust. The hair on the head can be gathered with rubber bands and decorated with a bow. Finally, the legs and hands should be cleaned well with scissors to give them shape.

And you, did you already know the Maltese Bichon or were you thinking of having one? You will become great friends in no time. His charisma and sympathy will touch your heart from day one. In our online store Tghanimal you have a wide variety of products so that you do not miss anything. Also, if you want to learn more about breeds, such as the Ibizan Hound, here we tell you!


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