Origin of the Roman cat – Tíanimal


Surrounded by emperors during the Great Empire, the origin of the roman cat dates back many centuries. This animal was in charge of hunting the mouse plagues of that time, to keep the rodents away from the provisions that the soldiers carried on their expeditions.

The breed was born in Africa, but it was the Romans who brought it to our continent, where it acquired the name of european common cat. Since then, it has been a common feline pet in homes. Know all the details of the origin, physical characteristics and personality of this charming animal.

The historical origin of the Roman cat

The common European or Roman cat was born in Africa, but it is not yet known for sure who its ancestors are. The most widespread theory is that it comes from african wildcat, although there are many who claim that it also has a jungle cat mix.

Over the years, it has become a race that is born from multiple natural crosses and of a natural evolution, without artificial crossing processes.

The most historical and striking version of the origin of this breed is the one that states that they came to Europe at the hands of the roman emperors. When they went on an expedition, these cats accompanied them to hunt the mice that endangered the soldiers’ food.

And although, in their origins their mission was only to be hunters, over time they became much loved pets for homes. In 1982, the International Feline Federation recognized them as an official breed with the name of the European common cat.

Characteristics of the common European cat or Roman cat

This species is characterized by its medium size, a strong and massive body structure, round head, muscular legs and short hair. Their weight ranges between 3 and 6 kg, their health is strong (without hereditary pathologies), and they live from 14 to 16 years.

This is the end of the traits that Roman cats share. The rest of physical characteristics are not common in all species, since it is a breed with a very extensive variety.

For example, their eyes They may be yellow, blue or green – the latter is the most common color -. They may even have each eye a different color (a feature called heterochromia).

Their coat is tremendously varied: from single color (orange, black, gray or brown), bicolor (white / orange or white / black) or tricolor (orange, white and black), to a combination of several shades that gives them a brindle appearance. or marbled.

It is a breed that does not require too much extra care apart from the essential habits for the hygiene of a cat, regular visits to the vet or watching its diet.

Character traits

The origin of the Roman cat and the mixture of its genes are two factors that make you cannot speak of a single personality. Each member of this species is a world and has its own character.

However, there are some specific traits that allow its personality to be categorized, and the first of them is that the Roman cat is very intelligent and has a great ability to adapt to new environments and living conditions.

Of course, its hunting origin makes it a very active animal that needs to burn energy daily. Therefore, it should be entertained daily with special toys for cats that keep their physical and mental activity up to date.

If you are looking for a partner calm and loving, but at the same time independent and strong, the Roman cat will be your ideal companion. Of course, each of them has their own personality that, if we learn to respect, we can enjoy their company and infinite love.

Expert in animals with work experience in the sector of more than 12 years. Working at Tíanimal has allowed me to work more closely with them, helping their well-being and improving the relationship with their owners through the products, tips and articles that we have incorporated. I am an expert in aquariums and feline health, and I have been collaborating with protectors for more than ten years coordinating material donations to make their work easier. Pets are my job and also my passion.


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