The most important thing when it comes to feed ours cat is to choose a food from a reputable trademark (that invests in quality controls, research, and has expert staff) that provides all the essential nutrients in the amounts and proportions necessary appropriate for their stage of life. These foods are called “complete” and this information (if complete and for what stage of life) is specified on the label.
Complete foods for healthy cats can be dry (humidity <14%) or moist (humidity> 60%). The wet food They can come in cans, sachets or terrines and have different textures such as: mousse, pâté or pieces in sauce. Therefore, the usual diet of our cat can be only dry, only wet, or a combination of both (what we call mixed feeding).
The benefits of combination feeding:
- The dry food can be used in dispenser toys of food and hide in the house, to help the cat to express its hunting behavior and to “work” for its food. Many cats like eat multiple times a day and they prefer not to depend on the owner to dispose of the food, so the dry food in these dispensers helps in this aspect.
- The wet food helps to increase water consumption and improve the state of cat hydration, helping to prevent urinary tract problems. Furthermore, wet foods are less caloric due to their water content, and we can give more quantity by providing the same calories (approximately 4 times more). Wet food can also promote satiety and thus reduce behaviors associated with hunger.
The important aspects to consider in mixed feeding are:
- You have to choose foods to combine that are complete, so that both provide all the necessary nutrients. The vast majority of dry foods on the market are, but in the case of wet foods you have to look carefully at the label to ensure that it is complete and not complementary (complementary foods can only be used occasionally or as prizes).
- We must ensure that we only give the necessary calories to prevent overweight and obesity.
- Finally, you have to know the cat daily needs.
Once we have this information, we can decide how many units of wet food to give (1-3 cans / sachets / terrines per day) and how many grams of dry food.
A simple way to make the adjustment initially is to look on the label of the dry food of choice how many grams our cat gets per day and for every 20 grams of dry food we can substitute for approximately 85 grams of wet food. If the wet food comes in units of 100 grams, the substitution would be 25 grams of dry.
Example, 4 kg cat, needs approximately 250 kcal / day. The label of the dry food of choice recommends giving 70 grams for an adult cat of this weight. The wet food of choice comes in 85 gram sachets.
- 1 sachet: For every 85 grams of wet we subtract 20 g of dry = 70-20 = 50 grams of dry food per day
- 2 sachets: In this case, two units of 85 grams, so we substitute 40 grams (20 x 2) of dry = 70 – 40 = 30 grams of dry food per day
It is very important to note that the formulas and label recommendations They are only approximations and the needs of each cat may vary from this recommendation, so we recommend weighing and evaluating the body condition every 2 weeks and adjusting the dose to obtain a stable weight and an ideal body condition. Whenever you have doubts, it is advisable to consult your veterinarian.